French Relative Pronouns

 

Like in English, Relative Pronouns in French don’t just stand in for other words, they are used to build up sentences by connecting clauses.

Example:

Je mange la tarte que ma mère a préparée / I eat the pie that my mother has prepared

Simple Forms

Qui Who, which, whom
Que That
Quoi What
Dont Whose, of which
Where

Examples:

#  Il faut trouver le témoin qui a identifié le meurtier. / We must find the witness who identified the murderer.

#  La croisiére que j’ai fait m’a été recommendée par l’un de mes amis. / The cruise that I just went on was recommended by one of my friends.

#  Je ne sais pas quoi te dire. / I don’t know what to tell you.

#  Les chaussures dont elle s’est dôtée lui ont permi de finir le marathon. / The shoes of which she availed herself allowed her to finish the marathon.

#  La maison où elle a vécu se trouve au Canada. / The house where she lived is located in Canada.

Complex Forms (le, la, les + quel)

Lequel Which one (masculine, singular form)
Lesquels Which ones (masculine, plural form)
Laquelle Which one (feminine, singular form)
Lesquelles Which ones (feminine, plural form)

Examples :

“Lequel avez-vous choisi?”, me demanda le vendeur en pointant l’étalage de fromages du doigt. / “Which one did you choose?”, asked the seller, while pointing his finger to the cheese display?

La cause pour laquelle nous nous sommes battus n’en valait pas la peine. / The cause for which we fought wasn’t worth it.

Les candidats parmi lesquels nous avons choisi le directeur étaient tous très qualifiés. / The candidates among which we chose the director were all very qualified.

Les pièces dans lesquelles vous avez installé les tableaux ne sont pas bien protégées. / The rooms in which you installed the paintings are not well protected.

Amalgamated Forms (à, au, aux, du, de la, des + complex form)

Auquel To which, at which (masc., sing. form)
Auxquels To which, at which (masc., plur. form)
À laquelle To which, at which (fem., sing. form)
Auxquelles To which, at which (fem., plur. form)
Duquel Of  which, of whom, from which, from whom (masc., sing.)
Desquels Of  which, of whom, from which, from whom (masc., plur.)
De laquelle Of  which, of whom, from which, from whom (fem., sing.)
Desquelles Of  which, of whom, from which, from whom (fem., plur.)

Examples:

L’espèce à laquelle vous faîtes allusion n’existe plus. / The species to which you’re referring no longer exists.

La recette indique de commencer avec du lait, auquel on peut ajouter du fromage. / The recipe tells us to start with milk, to which one can add cheese.

La voiture à côté de laquelle elle était garée à été volée. / The car by the side of which she was parked has been stolen.

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 Posted by at 7:35 pm